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第一集2021-06-16

为甚么是马克思主义?为甚么是中国共产党?

中华民族有着五千多年的文明成长史。

在冗长的汗青长河中,勤奋聪明的中国国民缔造了残暴的中汉文明。

但从 1840年起头,东方帝国主义列强经由过程策动侵犯战斗,逼迫中国割地、赔款。

中国国民糊口在水深炽热当中,揭示在中华民族眼前的是一片接近扑灭的凄惨黯淡的远景。

近代中国的仁人志士,为了保卫民族自力和庄严,保卫中汉文明,从未停止过勇敢抗争。

这时代产生了承平天堂叛逆、洋务活动、戊戌维新活动、义和团活动。

可是,因为不找到迷信的实际、准确的途径和可依托的社会气力,这些斗争一次又一次地失利了。

1911年 10月孙中山率领的辛亥反动,终究颠覆了清王朝统治,建立了中华民国,竣事了统治中国几千年的封建帝制。

但辛亥反动并不转变中国国民被榨取奴役的凄惨际遇。

以袁世凯为首的北洋军阀盗取了辛亥反动的果实,中国堕入支离破碎的军阀盘据和军阀混战当中。

这时代,在中国的政治舞台上呈现过帝制复辟、议会制、多党制、总统制等各类情势,各类政治权势及其代表人物纷纭退场,旧中国的社会性子和中国国民的凄惨运气不转变。

汗青呼喊着真正可以或许率领中华民族完成巨大回复使命的承当者,这个使命名誉地落到了进步前辈出产力的代表 ——中国工人阶层及其政党的肩上。

面临辛亥反动后的社会实际,以陈独秀和李大钊为代表的中国进步前辈的常识份子决然举起民主与迷信的旗号,掀起了新文明活动。

新文明活动倡导民主和迷信,翻开了停止新思惟涌流的闸门,在中国社会掀起一股思惟束缚的潮水。

与此同时,1917年,列宁率领的布尔什维克党策动了震动天下的十月社会主义反动,在天下上建立了第一个社会主义国度。

在十月反动的鞭策下,列国共产党纷纭建立,共产主义活动敏捷扩大到全天下。

1919年3月,无产阶层的国际性构造——共产国际建立。

这年5月 4日,北京先生 3000余人会合天安门前进行请愿。

他们打破反动军警的阻止,从四周八方会聚到天安门前,进行抗议会议,这便是震动中外的五四活动。

陈独秀、李大钊作为中国新文明活动的首要倡议人,他们在1919年五四活动时代决然挑选了马克思主义和俄国十月反动途径,是中国共产党的首要开创人。

在上海与北京党构造的接洽鞭策下,各地党的初期构造纷纭建立起来。

1920年7月,一批留法的勤工俭先生在蒙达尼公学会议。

蔡和森在会上“主意剧烈的反动,构造共产党,实施无产阶层专政,即仿效俄国十月反动的体例”。

这年的8月,蔡和森在给毛泽东的信中提出“明火执仗正式建立一其中国共产党”。

毛泽东复书称:“你这封信见识极当,我不一个字不同意。”“中国共产党”的名字也由此而来。

1921年7月23日,中国共产党第一次天下代表大会在上海法租界望志路106号进行,在浙江嘉兴南湖“红船”上落幕。

中国共产党正式建立!

中国共产党的降生,是近代中国汗青成长的一定成果,也是中国国民在救亡图存斗争中固执求索的一定成果,也是中华民族在寻求巨大回复途径上不时醒觉的一定成果。

尔后28年时候里,颠末艰辛卓绝的斗争和国民的撑持,中国共产党成为中国的在朝党。

时至本日,一百年间,中国共产党率领中国国民,深入转变了近代今后中华民族成长的标的目的和历程,深入转变了中国国民和中华民族的前程和运气,深入转变了天下成长的趋向和款式。


 

Why did We Choose Marxism? Why did the CPC Take Up the Mission?

 

The Chinese nation has a civilization that dates back more than 5,000 years.

During the long history, the diligent and intelligent Chinese people have created a splendid culture.

From 1840, however, the western imperialist powers launched a series of aggressive wars, and forced China to cede its territories and pay reparations.

The Chinese people were living in dire straits, and the Chinese nation facing tragic and bleak prospects was on the verge of destruction.

In modern times, people with lofty ideals had never stopped fighting bravely to defend the independence and dignity of the nation, and the Chinese civilization.

During that period, the Taiping Rebellion, the Westernization Movement, the Reform Movement of 1898, and the anti-western Boxer Rebellion broke out.

Due to a lack of scientific theory, correct path, and reliable social forces, these struggles failed time and time again. 

In October 1911, the Xinhai Revolution led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen finally overthrew the Qing Dynasty and established the Republic of China, hence ending the autocratic monarchy that had ruled China for more than 2,000 years.

The Revolution, however, did not change the miserable plight of the Chinese people under oppression and suppression.

The Beiyang warlords headed by Yuan Shikai usurped what the Xinhai Revolution achieved, and China fell into a fragmented warlord regime and melee.

During this period, various political systems such as imperial restoration, parliamentary system, multi-party system, and presidential system stepped on the political arena of China. Many political forces and their representatives also came on stage. Nevertheless, neither the social nature of the old China nor the tragic fate of the Chinese people changed.

History called for those who could truly take up the mission to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. This task fell gloriously on the shoulders of the representatives of advanced productive forces — the Chinese working class and its political party.   

Facing the social reality after the Xinhai Revolution, China's outstanding intellectuals represented by ChenDuxiu and Li Dazhao resolutely raised high the banner of democracy and science, and kicked off the New Culture Movement.

Advocating the western ideas of science and democracy, the New Culture Movement lifted the restrictions on new thoughts and started an emancipation of minds in Chinese society.

Around the same time, in 1917, the Bolshevik Party led by Vladimir Lenin launched the October Socialist Revolution in Russia, which astonished the world. The first socialist country was then established.

Motivated by the October Revolution, the Communist Parties of various countries were founded one after another, and the communist movement rapidly spread across the whole world.

In March 1919, the Communist International — the international organization of the proletariat — was founded.

On May 4th of that year, more than 3,000 students from Beijing gathered at Tiananmen Square to hold a demonstration.

They broke through the obstructions of the reactionary military and assembled from all sides at Tiananmen Square to hold a protest rally. This was the May Fourth Movement that shocked the country and the world.

As the main initiators of the Chinese New Culture Movement, Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao resolutely chose to follow the steps of Marxism and the October Revolution during the May Fourth Movement in 1919. They were also the main founders of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

Promoted by the party organizations in Beijing and Shanghai, early party organizations were set up one after another in the rest of the country.

In July 1920, a group of Chinese students who had been sent to study and work in France gathered at Montargis College.

At the meeting, Cai Hesen said, "We should imitate the Russian October Revolution to launch fierce revolution, organize the Communist Party, and implement the dictatorship of the proletariat."

In August of the same year, Cai Hesen proposed in a letter to Mao Zedong "to formally establish a Communist Party of China."

Mao Zedong wrote back, saying: "You are highly perceptive, and not a word do I disagree with in this letter." The name "Communist Party of China" was also first mentioned in the letter.

On July 23, 1921, the First National Congress of the CPC was held at No. 106 Wangzhi Road in the French Concession of Shanghai. It closed on the Red Boat on Nanhu Lake in Jiaxing, Zhejiang province.

The CPC was officially established!

The birth of the CPC is the inevitable result of the development of modern Chinese history, of the people's tenacious struggle for survival, and of the nation's pursuit of the great rejuvenation.

In the next 28 years, after arduous struggle and the support of the people, the CPC became the ruling party of China.

Over the past 100 years, the CPC has led the Chinese people to profoundly change the direction and process of contemporary China's development, the future and destiny of the nation, and the trend and pattern of world development.

 

《红星何故晖映中国》 / 和记娱h88app登录在线平台 出品

出品人 / 王晓辉    

总监制 / 杨新华    

总筹谋 蔡晓娟   

履行筹谋 / 蒋新宇

专家参谋 / 陈说 中共中间党校传授    陈中奎 中国国民束缚军国防大学副传授

导演 / 仇俊博    

编导 / 申罡  时畅  郭泽涵  鲁波  孔竟泽

设想 / 顾榕楠

建造 / 马跃

翻译 / 汪玮  李秀宇

拍照 / 陶世欣  毛欢东

前期 / 于舜源  傅华洋


专家团队
  • 韩庆祥

    中间党校校务委员会原委员
  • 王洪波

    都城师范大学马克思主义学院副院长、传授
  • 王海滨

    中间党校马克思主义学院副传授
  • 胡敏

    中间党校(国度行政学院)研讨员
  • 郭建宁

    清华大学马克思主义学院传授